Monetary developments in the euro area: April 2024

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Monetary developments in the euro area: April 2024

Monetary developments in the euro area: April 2024


29 May 2024

Components of the broad monetary aggregate M3

The annual growth rate of the broad monetary aggregate M3 increased to 1.3% in April 2024 from 0.9% in March, averaging 0.8% in the three months up to April. The components of M3 showed the following developments. The annual growth rate of the narrower aggregate M1, which comprises currency in circulation and overnight deposits, was -6.0% in April, compared with -6.6% in March. The annual growth rate of short-term deposits other than overnight deposits (M2-M1) decreased to 15.7% in April from 16.7% in March. The annual growth rate of marketable instruments (M3-M2) increased to 22.6% in April from 19.3% in March.

Chart 1

Monetary aggregates

(annual growth rates)

Data for monetary aggregates

Looking at the components’ contributions to the annual growth rate of M3, the narrower aggregate M1 contributed -4.1 percentage points (up from -4.6 percentage points in March), short-term deposits other than overnight deposits (M2-M1) contributed 4.1 percentage points (down from 4.4 percentage points) and marketable instruments (M3-M2) contributed 1.2 percentage points (up from 1.1 percentage points).

Among the holding sectors of deposits in M3, the annual growth rate of deposits placed by households increased to 1.4% in April from 0.9% in March, while the annual growth rate of deposits placed by non-financial corporations increased to 0.7% in April from 0.1% in March. Finally, the annual growth rate of deposits placed by investment funds other than money market funds was -4.1% in April, compared with -9.6% in March.

Counterparts of the broad monetary aggregate M3

The annual growth rate of M3 in April 2024, as a reflection of changes in the items on the monetary financial institution (MFI) consolidated balance sheet other than M3 (counterparts of M3), can be broken down as follows: net external assets contributed 3.7 percentage points (up from 3.3 percentage points in March), claims on the private sector contributed 0.7 percentage points (as in the previous month), claims on general government contributed -0.8 percentage points (up from -1.0 percentage points), longer-term liabilities contributed -2.2 percentage points (up from -2.3 percentage points), and the remaining counterparts of M3 contributed -0.2 percentage points (down from 0.1 percentage points).

Chart 2

Contribution of the M3 counterparts to the annual growth rate of M3

(percentage points)

Data for contribution of the M3 counterparts to the annual growth rate of M3

Claims on euro area residents

The annual growth rate of total claims on euro area residents stood at -0.1% in April 2024, compared with -0.2% in the previous month. The annual growth rate of claims on general government was -1.9% in April, compared with -2.6% in March, while the annual growth rate of claims on the private sector stood at 0.7% in April, compared with 0.8% in March.

The annual growth rate of adjusted loans to the private sector (i.e. adjusted for loan transfers and notional cash pooling) stood at 0.9% in April, compared with 0.8% in March. Among the borrowing sectors, the annual growth rate of adjusted loans to households stood at 0.2% in April, unchanged from the previous month, while the annual growth rate of adjusted loans to non-financial corporations stood at 0.3% in April, compared with 0.4% in March.

Chart 3

Adjusted loans to the private sector

(annual growth rates)

Data for adjusted loans to the private sector

Notes:

  • Data in this press release are adjusted for seasonal and end-of-month calendar effects, unless stated otherwise.
  • “Private sector” refers to euro area non-MFIs excluding general government.
  • Hyperlinks lead to data that may change with subsequent releases as a result of revisions. Figures shown in annex tables are a snapshot of the data as at the time of the current release.


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